Education Sector in Haiti
Majority of Haitians lack access to quality education, a prerequisite for sustained social and economic development. Despite enrollment improvements and the government’s commitment to strengthening public education, challenges in funding, teacher training, and access remain widespread. These issues put a generation of Haitian youth at risk of lacking the knowledge and basic skills necessary to succeed.
In Haiti, the net school enrolment rate is around 60%. The lack of resources, both at the family and state levels, deprives many children of their right to have a school education. About 375,000 children between the ages of 6 and 11, 1/3 of this group, are not in school.
An Expensive Education System
Haitian families are subject to tuition fees since 80% of the schools are private. Today, the average annual tuition fee is US$85. This is a considerable sum for families in a country where the gross national income per year is only US$400.
Lack of Free Schools in Rural Areas
Going to a public school several kilometers away is a real challenge for Haitian children living in the countryside. They often have to walk this distance that, as a result, many children are not in school.
Ineffective Teaching Methods
A lot of the instructional time is spent on lecturing or eliciting responses in unison from the class and these are often related to repetition and memorization. These methods have limited effectiveness in teaching children, especially young ones, the foundational cognitive skills they need to succeed in school.